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Calakmul represents for Mexico, is one of the most important reservations, not for his territorial extension but for the variety of animal and vegetable species that there coexist in a zone which climate is favoured, sheltering to one of the cultures most developed of the pre-Hispanic Mexico: the Maya.
The meaning in Maya is " two united or adjacent pyramids " has a special significance for Mexico, by his natural resources Reservation of the Biosphere has been declared, and for his historical development it was recognized by the UNESCO as heritage of the humanity.
The region characterizes for hot - humid climate, which allows a good development of a great animal and vegetable variety, with regard to the animal species the conservation of the region is not less important, since it shelters many people who are on the verge of extinction.
His jungles allow the reproduction of felines as the jaguar, puma, ocelot and the tigrillo. The trees are of great height are the perfect site for the varieties of monkeys as the howling one, and it scratches, and the low jungles protect the habitat of the deer, the armadillo, the tapir and the ant bear.
The same dampness and vegetation produce food for it surrounds 300 species of birds, many of them of great plumage, characteristics of the tropical zones as the periwig, toucan, parrots and eagles.
This immense habitat is the perfect frame for the constructions that realize of the advances in architecture and astronomy of the Mayan culture., whose first accessions in the place date back to 700 B.C. in the years of major summit of these peoples, about the tenth century A.D., Calakmul it was a place that had developed in agriculture, an economy and ceremonial centers that were assembling to near 50 thousand settlers.
The constructions that they can appreciate are distributed in temples, game of ball and palaces, as well as set of urban that demonstrate the great activity that was carried out in the zone.